Karonda is an evergreen spiny shrub or a small tree grown up to 3 m height and suitable as a live hedge or fence plant around the orchard or as a pot planting.
Plants are hardy in nature and tolerate drought conditions easily and require less care. The fruits are a good source of iron and Vitamin-C. The unripe fruits are sour and astringent and can be used for pickles and chutney. They are antiscorbutic and useful for curing scurvy and Anaemia. Mature fruits have good pectin content and used in the preparation of jelly, jam, squash, syrup, chutney, and pickled.
Mulberry tree is a perennial, broadleaf woody plant. Generally, trees grown, in most of the climatic conditions but prefer subtropical and light temperate climatic conditions. All, fruiting mulberry species are divided into three types, according to the color of their fruits– Red, white, and black. Main cultivated species are Morus alba, Morus serrata, M. indica and M. latifolia.
Mulberry trees are good carbon sink plants. Trees absorb air pollutants such as chlorine, hydrogen fluoride, and sulphur dioxide and release oxygen.
The mulberry tree is an ideal for city landscape due to its excellent features in tree form, leaf colour, growth & vigour, and drought resistance. It can be grown, at garden corners, along roadsides, in public parks and other recreation places. It is an excellent tree species for city forestation. Fruits are used directly can be eaten fresh. Trees are an excellent and handsome shade tree and are often planted on field edges in irrigated, semi-arid lands where it is also valued for fruit, poles and timber.
It is mainly used as condiment, dye and cosmetics and various religious ceremonies in India. It has a powerful natural anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties. It is used to treat liver ailments, ulcers, parasitic infections, skin problems, bruises, joint pain and cold and flu. Green leaves are also useful for making vegetables.
Fruits contain 92% water, 0.2% protein, 0.3% minerals and 7.0 % carbohydrates in 100g edible portion. Fruits are rich source of Vitamin A & B-6 which is important for eyes health, boosts immunity and Vitamin B6 helps the immune system create antibodies.
Litchi is most important sub-tropical evergreen fruit tree. It is known as queen of the nut fruits due to its attractive deep pink/ red colours and fragrant aril. Fruits are delicious of excellent quality.
Custard apple is one of the finest fruits introduced in India from tropical America. Plants are hardy and deciduous in nature when grown in wild form of hilly tropical areas. It is known by varied names such as Sitaphal, Sugar apple, Sweet soap and Shrifa etc. It is grown in wild form in many parts of India. Its fruits are delicious when consumed fresh.
Fruit pulp is creamy white with a good blend of sweetness.
Fruits are rich source of Vitamins like C, A & B6 and minerals like iron, calcium, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, copper, zinc, and dietary fiber.